Educational Resources

In this Tools of Science Case Study ENIGMA video– join the team as they try to figure out how proteins, which the researchers describe as “sophisticated nanomachines,” evolved to create life on earth.

Contact: For information about the minor, students should contact Dr. Nathan Yee, the Astrobiology faculty advisor, at or Dr. Roy Schlische, the EPS undergraduate program director, at

The ENIGMA research team is focused answering a single, compelling question in astrobiology: How did proteins evolve to become the predominant catalysts of life on Earth?

One Day Course Recording: Learn about the power of bioinformatics methods to probe fundamental questions about the origin of life and evolution from experts from around the world.

One Day Course Recording: Learn more about the role of Biogeochemical in Evolution from experts around the world researching the co-evolution of the geosphere and biosphere.